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Work Groups/WG 7 - Energy Harvesting

Chairman: K. Wayne Lee

 

Scope
The urban cityscape is filled with man-made materials that absorb the suns light. Darkly colored roads and roofs have replaced surface area which was once predominantly vegetated lands. Many of these man-made surfaces are also impermeable and typically dry. For these reasons summertime ambient temperatures in cities are typically warmer than those of rural areas. On a sunny summer day city temperatures can be up to 4oC (8°F) higher than rural areas. This phenomenon is known as the heat island effect and it can have several negative impacts to the environment and human health.
Heat island can lead to increased air conditioning use which puts a strain on a city energy grid. This increased demand for cooling can amount to a 5-10% increase in peak electricity. One estimate shows that temperature increase from heat island can account for up to 1.5 gigawatts of energy. This increase correlates to increased emissions from municipal power plants. Therefore the heat island effect contributes to problems with air quality including smog formation.
Cool pavements are defined as a class of materials that increase reflectivity of sun light without losing their structural properties. Cool pavements use different types of amendments to keep their surface temperature low. There are many other benefits associated with cool pavements as well, e.g., longer lifetime of pavement, lower initial costs of the asphalt binder, and savings on street lighting and signs, etc. Some examples of cool pavements include: modified asphalt pavements using lightly colored aggregate; resin based pavement; permeable, porous and/or rubberized pavements; chip seals with lightly colored aggregates.
Recently, more exciting approaches to reduce heat island effects and global warming have been identifies, i.e., solar energy harvesting and conversion with potential economic efficiency substantially beyond that of current technology. Thus, there is a need to investigate novel methods to harvest solar energy from road pavements by asphalt technologists.

Strategic Plan
To investigate novel methods to harvest solar energy from roadway pavements, following tasks can be carried out new work group:

(1) Review literatures and existing practices to investigate novel methods to harvest solar energy from asphalt pavement.
(2) Generate different approaches to capture solar energy from asphalt pavements.
(3) Formulate conceptual design of systems to generate electricity.
(4) Prepare the feasibility study report for the detailed and comprehensive study.

 

Members

Mallick Rajib (V. Chair) Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI)

Wang Linbing (Secretary) Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

Lee Hosin "David" University of Iowa

Huang Baoshan University of Tennessee

Haddock John E. Purdue University

Dawson Andrew University of Nottingham

Kim Sangsoo Ohio University

Kercher Alan S. KEI President

Harvey John University of California at Davis

Yang Sze URI

Park Kyungwon US Army COE Seoul Branch

Gregory Otto URI Chemical Engineering

Kim Kyungsuk Brown University

Kent Chris Island Solar

Chango Henry D’Ambra Construction Company

Xu Rongqiao Zhejiang University

Wang Fujian Zhejiang University

Lee Kwangho Korea Expressway Corporation     

Eum Joo Yon Korea Expressway Corporation

Seo Youngguk Korea Expressway Corporation

Kwon Soo Ahn Korea Institute of Construction Technology

Yi Jaejun Chonbuk National University

Jung Hyung-Jo Korean Adv. Institute of Science and Technology

Suh In-Soo Korean Adv. Institute of Science and Technology

Kim Jae Young Seoul National University

Yeo Myung Suk Seoul National University

Bergado Denes T.
Asian Institute of Technology (AIT)

Correia Andy University of Rhode Island

Neilan Brett University of Rhode Island

Hulen Mike Novotech

 

 

 

 

 


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